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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Nandini Sen, Aritra Mandal, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Shibam Chatterjee, Vaibhav Vashishtha

Oral Health-related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:43-49][No of Hits : 1849]


ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health problems can be considered a public health setback due to its high prevalence and significant social impact. Hence, it is essential to combat oral diseases with preventive approach and focus on education and promotion.

Objective: To assess the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry of a dental hospital in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting the Department of Public Health Dentistry at Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. A total of 500 patients were selected by simple random sampling method. A self-constructed selfadministered questionnaire was used comprising questions regarding oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Among the study population, if dental decay is present, majority (44%) did not care if pain was absent. Merely 45.6% knew that tobacco causes oral cancer. A larger proportion of respondents (66%) did not know that oral health is related to systemic health. Majority (58.8%) used toothbrush and toothpaste and 52% had tongue cleaning habit. Rural population showed lesser frequency of toothbrushing in comparison to urban population, only 43.3% of them used toothbrush and toothpaste.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of the study subjects about oral health were found to be nonsatisfactory, but the oral health practices seemed to be acceptable. The rural population requires attention in all the aspects of oral health maintenance. Oral health promotion programs are required to improve the current status of the population.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene, Rural, Urban.

How to cite this article: Sen N, Mandal A, Bhat N, Asawa K, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Chatterjee S, Vashishtha V. Oral Healthrelated Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):43-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
J Avinash, Arpita Singh, Dhirendra K Singh

Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:122-132][No of Hits : 1692]


ABSTRACT

The role of bacterial plaque in the etiology of periodontal disease has been extensively documented. The contribution of dental plaque to the etiology of gingival and periodontal desease is wellestablished. The increased plaque levels resulting due to inadequate plaque control, in turn, result in an evolution of a more pathogenic microflora. This transition in microflora composition induces a well-characterized host inflammation response of the marginal gingiva known as gingivitis, which is characterized by redness, gingival bleeding, edema, and gingival tenderness. It is now universally contended that prevention and inhibition of plaque accumulation on the tooth surfaces are likely to cause a major breakthrough to achieve optimum periodontal health.
Thus, regular removal of plaque both above and below the gingival margin should be of a major focus in the prevention and treatment of the disease. Regular removal of supragingival plaque has been shown to reduce counts of pathogenic species both supra and subgingivally. The primary intervention for removal of plaque and concomitant prevention of gingivitis for most people is a routine oral hygiene as delivered through toothbrushing. Although many toothbrushes, if used properly, can provide effective plaque control.
The electric toothbrush is both efficient and surprisingly appealing to patients. For these reasons, it has a definite use for some patients, such as individuals lacking fine motor skills, especially the handicapped and those who lack digital dexterity. Comparative studies are also available with regard to brushing techniques claiming significance of one over the other performed by both manual and powered toothbrush (PTB). The purpose of this review is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and efficacy of the PTB for the removal of supragingival plaque and improving gingival health and to compare it with a regular manual toothbrush with help of the meta analysis of various previous original researches.

Keywords: Gingivtis, Manual toothbrush, Oral hygiene, Plaque control, Powered toothbrush.

How to cite this article: Avinash J, Singh A, Singh DK, Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):122-132.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
MINI REVIEW
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj

A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:136-141][No of Hits : 1684]


ABSTRACT

Long-term success of a restoration is dependent on maintenance of harmony between the various components of stomatognathic system. The goal of any restorative treatment is to establish posterior occlusal contacts that stabilize the occlusion and to provide anterior guidance which will provide predictable amount of disocclusion during protrusive and lateral excursions. The clinician should have fundamental knowledge about the components of stomatognathic system, to restore the occlusion for the optimal functioning of stomatognathic system. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment planning should be carried out to decide whether the existing occlusion should be changed or not. If a reorganized approach is needed, it requires correction of the existing occlusion and the generation of a new occlusal scheme. This is quite challenging. It is not possible to propose a single protocol to treat every case. However, this article proposes certain guidelines which could be modified depending on existing occlusal condition of the patient.

Keywords: Fixed partial denture, Interferences, Occlusion, Rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):136-141.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Vivek Choukse, Ankita Parmar, Neeraj Sharma, Rajeev Srivastava

Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:319-323][No of Hits : 1637]


ABSTRACT

The present case report discusses the case of full mouth rehabilitation using Hobo twin-stage occlusal philosophy. Diagnostic maxillary and mandibular impressions were made and articulated using HANAU wide-Vue semiadjustable articulator. Diagnostic wax-up was done according to conditions 1 and 2 of Hobo’s twin-stage procedure followed by full mouth rehabilitation with porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) full-coverage fixed restorations at an acceptably restored vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO). The treatment goal was to achieve functional and esthetic harmony within the stomatognathic system.

Keywords: Disocclusion, Full mouth rehabilitation, Hobo technique, Twin stage.

How to cite this article: Choukse V, Parmar A, Sharma N, Srivastava R. Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):319-323.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Nikhil Abbad, Rajeev Srivastava, Akshay Dave, Vandana Jangid

Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:59-63][No of Hits : 1466]


ABSTRACT

Enjoyment of food is regarded as an important aspect of living by mankind. To lead a healthy and active life, human beings need a broad range of nutrients. Nutritional deficiency, particularly of proteins, is very common in the elderly. A well-proportionate diet is essential from the beginning stages of life for complete growth, development, and maintenance of normal body functioning, physical activity, and health.
Dentistry for the elderly must be practiced with increased awareness of the biologic factors, since the adaptive mechanism and tissue regenerative potentials in the elderly patients are usually significantly lowered. Over 60% of the elderly are malnourished, and there are many causes for this malnutrition. Also, it is not always easy to differentiate the age-related causes from the pathological. Complete denture patients depend on the health and integrity of the denture-bearing tissue for their successful function and comfort. Hence, the elderly require a different approach, modified treatment planning, and knowledge of how the tissue changes associated with senescence affect oral health services. In this review article, a brief overview is presented about the diet and nutrition of geriatric patients, its importance, and clinical significance.

Keywords: Complete denture, Diet counselling, Edentulous, Geriatrics, Healthy.

How to cite this article: Abbad N, Srivastava R, Dave A, Jangid V. Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):59-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Vaibhav Jain, Buggaveeti P Kumar, T Sai Krishna, Shrikant Parakh, P Hari Kiran, Aastha Tiwari

Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:300-303][No of Hits : 1011]


ABSTRACT

Dictionary defines diagnosis as “the art of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.” A clinician may afford to be unware of change in the concept of a certain treatment technique, but cannot be weak clinically in the science of diagnosis. Recent advancements in the knowledge of the basic dental structures and wider intercommunication of clinical experiences make endodontic lesions and conditions nowadays better understood and diagnosed as compared with the past. However, conversely, increase in the knowledge of basic science has also highlighted the limitations of various diagnostic methods that are currently in use.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Cone beam computed tomography, Pulse oximetry, Ultrasound.

How to cite this article: Jain V, Kumar BP, Krishna TS, Parakh S, Kiran PH, Tiwari A. Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):300-303.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
MINI REVIEW
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj

Evolution of the Software and Hardware in CAD/CAM Systems used in Dentistry

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:284-291][No of Hits : 1004]


ABSTRACT

The computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems were introduced into dentistry in 1970s. This technology has evolved rapidly that, starting from a single crown to full mouth, rehabilitation is possible in a single day now. This article reviews the history, evolution, components, and various materials used for fabrication of prosthesis. It also evaluates popular CAD/CAM systems, its limitations, future evolvement, and also the dental considerations while using them.

Keywords: CAD/CAM systems, Cerec system, Digitalization tool, Evolution of CAD/CAM, Milling in CAD/CAM.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. Evolution of the Software and Hardware in CAD/CAM Systems used in Dentistry, Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):284-291.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Sanchit Jain, Rajesh H Oswal, Bhavin Purohit, Kamini Dadsena, Mukesh K Kashyap, Prachet Dakshinkar, Nandini Dayalan, 8Shruti Mehta

Advances in Methods of Atraumatic Tooth Removal: An Update

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:295-299][No of Hits : 1000]


ABSTRACT

Dental extraction, once considered as punishment, has now become one of the finest works in dental surgery. Traumatizing the entire being with this deed was the idea 200 years ago, on the contrary today we try completing the procedure without the need of gingival reflection. This paradigm shift gave birth to atraumatic extraction techniques (AETs), which intend the removal of tooth or tooth root, while maintaining a harmonious relation with gingiva, bone, and other surrounding hard and soft tissue structures. Instruments, such as Benex vertical extractor, powered periotome, piezosurgery, sonosurgery, physics forceps, Ogram system, Easy X-Trac system and techniques, such as the orthodontic extrusion technique and rubber band extraction help in achieving this noble goal.
The main benefits of AET are immediate implant placement, faster healing, and reduced need for bone grafting and soft tissue augmentation, leading to faster prosthetic rehabilitation in a limited time span.
This review is an insight into each technique and instrument highlighting its advantages and drawbacks to instigate awareness and also allow for the better understanding among maxillofacial and dental professionals.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction technique, Bone, Gingiva.

How to cite this article: Jain S, Oswal RH, Purohit B, Dadsena K, Kashyap MK, Dakshinkar P, Dayalan N, Mehta S. Advances in Methods of Atraumatic Tooth Removal: An Update. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):295-299.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Syed Khaja Aliuddin, Prashanth Prakash, Sana Mohiuddin, Sandeep R Ravula, Leela VS Nallamilli, Anil D Dutt

Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:56-58][No of Hits : 996]


ABSTRACT

Endodontics is a well-known branch of dentistry. As we are growing into microscopic level and signaling stages, there is a need to look back on how this reputed branch of medicine came into existence. Here, only milestones in endodontics are discussed for the reader to enhance their knowledge by having a look at the historical background of endodontics and analyze the slow evolution in this field.

Keywords: Endodontics, History, Review of literature.

How to cite this article: Aliuddin SK, Prakash P, Mohiuddin S, Ravula SR, Nallamilli LVS, Dutt AD. Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):56-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Abdulazizlafi Alharbi, Syedkhaja Aliuddin, Turki A Alharbi, Sanadnafel Alharbi, Anshmi O Alanzi, Ahmed A Alharbi

Herbal Endodontic Irrigants

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:311-314][No of Hits : 977]


ABSTRACT

With the advancement in the science of Endodontics like instruments, rotary machines, lasers and irrigation delivery system, the irrigation solution is also getting evolved, the researchers are looking for a substitute to synthetic drugs because of its side effects. Development is moving towards natural products which is safe and cost effective. This article reviews few herbal irrigants and its advantages for the root canal treatment

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Enterococcus faecalis, Herbal irrigation.

How to cite this article: Alharbi A, Aliuddin S, Alharbi TA, Alharbi S, Alanzi AO, Alharbi AA. Herbal Endodontic Irrigants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):311-314.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Mohammed Muraybid Al Azmi, Mohamed I Hashem, Mansour K Assery, Mohamed Sayed Al Sayed

An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:37-42][No of Hits : 899]