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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Nandini Sen, Aritra Mandal, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Shibam Chatterjee, Vaibhav Vashishtha

Oral Health-related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:43-49][No of Hits : 1603]


ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health problems can be considered a public health setback due to its high prevalence and significant social impact. Hence, it is essential to combat oral diseases with preventive approach and focus on education and promotion.

Objective: To assess the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry of a dental hospital in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting the Department of Public Health Dentistry at Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. A total of 500 patients were selected by simple random sampling method. A self-constructed selfadministered questionnaire was used comprising questions regarding oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Among the study population, if dental decay is present, majority (44%) did not care if pain was absent. Merely 45.6% knew that tobacco causes oral cancer. A larger proportion of respondents (66%) did not know that oral health is related to systemic health. Majority (58.8%) used toothbrush and toothpaste and 52% had tongue cleaning habit. Rural population showed lesser frequency of toothbrushing in comparison to urban population, only 43.3% of them used toothbrush and toothpaste.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of the study subjects about oral health were found to be nonsatisfactory, but the oral health practices seemed to be acceptable. The rural population requires attention in all the aspects of oral health maintenance. Oral health promotion programs are required to improve the current status of the population.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene, Rural, Urban.

How to cite this article: Sen N, Mandal A, Bhat N, Asawa K, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Chatterjee S, Vashishtha V. Oral Healthrelated Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):43-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
J Avinash, Arpita Singh, Dhirendra K Singh

Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:122-132][No of Hits : 1486]


ABSTRACT

The role of bacterial plaque in the etiology of periodontal disease has been extensively documented. The contribution of dental plaque to the etiology of gingival and periodontal desease is wellestablished. The increased plaque levels resulting due to inadequate plaque control, in turn, result in an evolution of a more pathogenic microflora. This transition in microflora composition induces a well-characterized host inflammation response of the marginal gingiva known as gingivitis, which is characterized by redness, gingival bleeding, edema, and gingival tenderness. It is now universally contended that prevention and inhibition of plaque accumulation on the tooth surfaces are likely to cause a major breakthrough to achieve optimum periodontal health.
Thus, regular removal of plaque both above and below the gingival margin should be of a major focus in the prevention and treatment of the disease. Regular removal of supragingival plaque has been shown to reduce counts of pathogenic species both supra and subgingivally. The primary intervention for removal of plaque and concomitant prevention of gingivitis for most people is a routine oral hygiene as delivered through toothbrushing. Although many toothbrushes, if used properly, can provide effective plaque control.
The electric toothbrush is both efficient and surprisingly appealing to patients. For these reasons, it has a definite use for some patients, such as individuals lacking fine motor skills, especially the handicapped and those who lack digital dexterity. Comparative studies are also available with regard to brushing techniques claiming significance of one over the other performed by both manual and powered toothbrush (PTB). The purpose of this review is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and efficacy of the PTB for the removal of supragingival plaque and improving gingival health and to compare it with a regular manual toothbrush with help of the meta analysis of various previous original researches.

Keywords: Gingivtis, Manual toothbrush, Oral hygiene, Plaque control, Powered toothbrush.

How to cite this article: Avinash J, Singh A, Singh DK, Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):122-132.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
MINI REVIEW
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj

A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:136-141][No of Hits : 1354]


ABSTRACT

Long-term success of a restoration is dependent on maintenance of harmony between the various components of stomatognathic system. The goal of any restorative treatment is to establish posterior occlusal contacts that stabilize the occlusion and to provide anterior guidance which will provide predictable amount of disocclusion during protrusive and lateral excursions. The clinician should have fundamental knowledge about the components of stomatognathic system, to restore the occlusion for the optimal functioning of stomatognathic system. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment planning should be carried out to decide whether the existing occlusion should be changed or not. If a reorganized approach is needed, it requires correction of the existing occlusion and the generation of a new occlusal scheme. This is quite challenging. It is not possible to propose a single protocol to treat every case. However, this article proposes certain guidelines which could be modified depending on existing occlusal condition of the patient.

Keywords: Fixed partial denture, Interferences, Occlusion, Rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):136-141.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Nikhil Abbad, Rajeev Srivastava, Akshay Dave, Vandana Jangid

Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:59-63][No of Hits : 1194]


ABSTRACT

Enjoyment of food is regarded as an important aspect of living by mankind. To lead a healthy and active life, human beings need a broad range of nutrients. Nutritional deficiency, particularly of proteins, is very common in the elderly. A well-proportionate diet is essential from the beginning stages of life for complete growth, development, and maintenance of normal body functioning, physical activity, and health.
Dentistry for the elderly must be practiced with increased awareness of the biologic factors, since the adaptive mechanism and tissue regenerative potentials in the elderly patients are usually significantly lowered. Over 60% of the elderly are malnourished, and there are many causes for this malnutrition. Also, it is not always easy to differentiate the age-related causes from the pathological. Complete denture patients depend on the health and integrity of the denture-bearing tissue for their successful function and comfort. Hence, the elderly require a different approach, modified treatment planning, and knowledge of how the tissue changes associated with senescence affect oral health services. In this review article, a brief overview is presented about the diet and nutrition of geriatric patients, its importance, and clinical significance.

Keywords: Complete denture, Diet counselling, Edentulous, Geriatrics, Healthy.

How to cite this article: Abbad N, Srivastava R, Dave A, Jangid V. Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):59-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Vivek Choukse, Ankita Parmar, Neeraj Sharma, Rajeev Srivastava

Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:319-323][No of Hits : 1187]


ABSTRACT

The present case report discusses the case of full mouth rehabilitation using Hobo twin-stage occlusal philosophy. Diagnostic maxillary and mandibular impressions were made and articulated using HANAU wide-Vue semiadjustable articulator. Diagnostic wax-up was done according to conditions 1 and 2 of Hobo’s twin-stage procedure followed by full mouth rehabilitation with porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) full-coverage fixed restorations at an acceptably restored vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO). The treatment goal was to achieve functional and esthetic harmony within the stomatognathic system.

Keywords: Disocclusion, Full mouth rehabilitation, Hobo technique, Twin stage.

How to cite this article: Choukse V, Parmar A, Sharma N, Srivastava R. Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):319-323.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Vaibhav Jain, Buggaveeti P Kumar, T Sai Krishna, Shrikant Parakh, P Hari Kiran, Aastha Tiwari

Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:300-303][No of Hits : 853]


ABSTRACT

Dictionary defines diagnosis as “the art of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.” A clinician may afford to be unware of change in the concept of a certain treatment technique, but cannot be weak clinically in the science of diagnosis. Recent advancements in the knowledge of the basic dental structures and wider intercommunication of clinical experiences make endodontic lesions and conditions nowadays better understood and diagnosed as compared with the past. However, conversely, increase in the knowledge of basic science has also highlighted the limitations of various diagnostic methods that are currently in use.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Cone beam computed tomography, Pulse oximetry, Ultrasound.

How to cite this article: Jain V, Kumar BP, Krishna TS, Parakh S, Kiran PH, Tiwari A. Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):300-303.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Mohammed Muraybid Al Azmi, Mohamed I Hashem, Mansour K Assery, Mohamed Sayed Al Sayed

An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:37-42][No of Hits : 848]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate and compare the mechanical properties of two bulk fill resin composite materials (Tetric EvoCeram and Filtek Bulk Fill) and two incremental fill resin composites (Grandio and Filtek Z350 XT). The surface roughness and surface topographic analyses of these materials were also evaluated and compared.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 specimens (n = 20) were prepared from two bulk fill nanocomposite restorative materials and two incremental fill nanocomposite restorative materials to evaluate the mechanical properties [hardness (H), elastic modulus (E), compressive strength (S), flexural strength (Of), and surface roughness]. The hardness and elastic modulus were measured using nanoindenter equipped with a Berkovich diamond indenter. Compressive strength and flexural strength of each material were determined using a universal testing machine. The surface roughness of the materials was determined using atomic force microscopy. One-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used to determine the statistical differences among groups at a significance of p < 0.05.

Results: The nanoindentation test showed that the Filtek Bulk Fill exhibited significantly high hardness values (0.67 ± 0.02 GPa) compared with other groups. The elastic modulus values ranged from 12.2 to 18.2 GPa, Tetric EvoCeram presented with lowest modulus values, and Filtek Bulk Fill presented with highest values. For compressive strength test results, the values varied from 186.20 MPa for Grandio to 245.13 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. For flexural strength test results, the values varied from 110.00 MPa for Grandio to 132.61 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. There was significant difference (p . 0.05) in measured flexural strength values among the bulk fill and incremental fill composite resin groups.

Conclusion: Each material showed excellent values for some tests, but none of the material showed excellent values of all the measured properties. Filtek Bulk Fill could be a feasible choice among the bulk fills.

Keywords: Bulkfill Composites, Nanoindentation, Surface Roughness.

How to cite this article: Al Azmi MM, Hashem MI, Assery MK, Al Sayed MS. An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):37-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Syed Khaja Aliuddin, Prashanth Prakash, Sana Mohiuddin, Sandeep R Ravula, Leela VS Nallamilli, Anil D Dutt

Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:56-58][No of Hits : 791]


ABSTRACT

Endodontics is a well-known branch of dentistry. As we are growing into microscopic level and signaling stages, there is a need to look back on how this reputed branch of medicine came into existence. Here, only milestones in endodontics are discussed for the reader to enhance their knowledge by having a look at the historical background of endodontics and analyze the slow evolution in this field.

Keywords: Endodontics, History, Review of literature.

How to cite this article: Aliuddin SK, Prakash P, Mohiuddin S, Ravula SR, Nallamilli LVS, Dutt AD. Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):56-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Abdulazizlafi Alharbi, Syedkhaja Aliuddin, Turki A Alharbi, Sanadnafel Alharbi, Anshmi O Alanzi, Ahmed A Alharbi

Herbal Endodontic Irrigants

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:311-314][No of Hits : 769]


ABSTRACT

With the advancement in the science of Endodontics like instruments, rotary machines, lasers and irrigation delivery system, the irrigation solution is also getting evolved, the researchers are looking for a substitute to synthetic drugs because of its side effects. Development is moving towards natural products which is safe and cost effective. This article reviews few herbal irrigants and its advantages for the root canal treatment

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Enterococcus faecalis, Herbal irrigation.

How to cite this article: Alharbi A, Aliuddin S, Alharbi TA, Alharbi S, Alanzi AO, Alharbi AA. Herbal Endodontic Irrigants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):311-314.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
P Nagarjuna, Panna Mangat, Charu Dayal, Anil K Tomer, Priyali Chauhan, Sandeep Rana, Vinay Goud

In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Single-file System

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:19-22][No of Hits : 742]


ABSTRACT

Aim: In vitro study evaluation of the cyclic fatigue resistance of reciprocating and rotary single-file system [Wave One Gold (WOG), Reciproc, Hyflex electrical discharge machining (EDM) file systems] utilizing cyclic fatigue testing device.

Materials and methods: Three nickel-titanium rotary systems (Hyflex EDM size #25, 0.06 taper and Reciproc and WOG size #25, 0.06 taper) were used in this study. Ten files were used in each file system, which are 25 mm long and tested with cyclic fatigue and torsional resistance tests.

Results: Each file was tested in the simulated root canal until instrument fracture occurred. Hyflex EDM has high mean and standard deviation of 116.23 ± 4.41, followed by WOG (64.85 ± 3.34) and Reciproc (35.28 ± 2.32).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, Hyflex EDM exhibited the greater cyclic fatigue resistance when compared with other rotary and reciprocating files.

Keywords: Cyclic fatigue resistance, Nickel-titanium rotary systems, Wave One gold.

How to cite this article: Nagarjuna P, Mangat P, Dayal C, Tomer AK, Chauhan P, Rana S, Goud V. In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Singlefile System. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Manawar Ahmad, Yahya MY Khubrani, Abdullah M Adawi, Abubakr AM Siddiq, Mosab AJ Hamzi, Al Muthana Ali Alhazmi, Ahmed MA Ghazwani, Hina Naim

Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:153-158][No of Hits : 608]


ABSTRACT

Treatment of patients with severely mutilated dentition is a challenging task for a dentist and needs specialized skills with multidisciplinary approach for treating a complex clinical situation. Multiple carious lesions, tilting and rotation of several teeth, grossly decayed teeth and loss of multiple teeth in the maxillary, and mandibular arch may lead to the severely mutilated dentition. Dentist doing oral rehabilitation of a severely mutilated dentition must be through and efficient with the principles of reconstruction as an architect who prepares detailed plans and specification for any building prior to construction. Careful treatment planning using fixed or removable prosthesis is required to manage such cases to get a favorable prognosis. A multidisciplinary approach is required to restore the severely mutilated dentition to achieve the freedom from all the dental diseases, to maintain the healthy periodontium, to stabilize the temporomandibular joints, to achieve a stable occlusion with optimum esthetics, and comfortable oral function.

Keywords: Diagnostic wax-up, Fiber post, Metal ceramic crown.

How to cite this article: Ahmad M, Khubrani YMY, Adawi AM, Siddiq AAM, Hamzi MAJ, Alhazmi AMA, Ghazwani AMA, Naim H. Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):153-158.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
MINI REVIEW
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj

Evolution of the Software and Hardware in CAD/CAM Systems used in Dentistry

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:284-291][No of Hits : 591]


ABSTRACT

The computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems were introduced into dentistry in 1970s. This technology has evolved rapidly that, starting from a single crown to full mouth, rehabilitation is possible in a single day now. This article reviews the history, evolution, components, and various materials used for fabrication of prosthesis. It also evaluates popular CAD/CAM systems, its limitations, future evolvement, and also the dental considerations while using them.

Keywords: CAD/CAM systems, Cerec system, Digitalization tool, Evolution of CAD/CAM, Milling in CAD/CAM.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. Evolution of the Software and Hardware in CAD/CAM Systems used in Dentistry, Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):284-291.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Sanchit Jain, Rajesh H Oswal, Bhavin Purohit, Kamini Dadsena, Mukesh K Kashyap, Prachet Dakshinkar, Nandini Dayalan, 8Shruti Mehta

Advances in Methods of Atraumatic Tooth Removal: An Update

[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:295-299][No of Hits : 567]


ABSTRACT

Dental extraction, once considered as punishment, has now become one of the finest works in dental surgery. Traumatizing the entire being with this deed was the idea 200 years ago, on the contrary today we try completing the procedure without the need of gingival reflection. This paradigm shift gave birth to atraumatic extraction techniques (AETs), which intend the removal of tooth or tooth root, while maintaining a harmonious relation with gingiva, bone, and other surrounding hard and soft tissue structures. Instruments, such as Benex vertical extractor, powered periotome, piezosurgery, sonosurgery, physics forceps, Ogram system, Easy X-Trac system and techniques, such as the orthodontic extrusion technique and rubber band extraction help in achieving this noble goal.
The main benefits of AET are immediate implant placement, faster healing, and reduced need for bone grafting and soft tissue augmentation, leading to faster prosthetic rehabilitation in a limited time span.
This review is an insight into each technique and instrument highlighting its advantages and drawbacks to instigate awareness and also allow for the better understanding among maxillofacial and dental professionals.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction technique, Bone, Gingiva.

How to cite this article: Jain S, Oswal RH, Purohit B, Dadsena K, Kashyap MK, Dakshinkar P, Dayalan N, Mehta S. Advances in Methods of Atraumatic Tooth Removal: An Update. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):295-299.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Ankur G Shah

Evaluation of Oral Hygiene Awareness, Oral Health Practices and Dental Health Problems among the Undergraduate Medical Students of India

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:109-113][No of Hits : 553]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study evaluated oral hygiene awareness and dental health problems among the medical undergraduate students of Gujrat Medical Education and Research Society (GMERS) Medical College & Hospital, Valsad, India.

Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study which included 196 medical undergraduate students. All the students were asked to fill a structured questionnaire which included total of 16 multiple-choice questions pertaining to their oral hygiene awareness, oral health practices, and dental health problems. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis and results were expressed as absolute numbers and percentages for males and females. Gender-wise comparison to their responses was also made using Chi-square test.

Results: On analyzing the data, it was found that 79.1% students perceived their state of oral hygiene as “Good”; 74.5% students brushed only once a day. All the students used toothpaste and toothbrush; 44.9% students used soft-bristled toothbrush and 70.4% students changed their toothbrush every 3 months; 71.9% students used no interdental cleaning aids and only 23.5% students used fluoridated toothpaste; 47.4% of participants never visited dentist; 20.9% students reported to have toothache in past 12 months.

Conclusion: From the findings of this study, it can be concluded that medical undergraduate students had lack of awareness regarding oral hygiene and less-than-optimum standard of oral health practices. These students also had tendency to visit dentist only when there is any dental problem and majority of students had never visited dentist.

Clinical significance: Medical professionals are considered as a role model by the society. Improving their knowledge about oral hygiene awareness and oral health practices can ultimately benefit the people they are going to treat in the future.

Keywords: Cross-sectional study, Dental health problems, Medical students, Oral health practices, Oral hygiene awareness.

How to cite this article: Shah AG. Evaluation of Oral Hygiene Awareness, Oral Health Practices and Dental Health Problems among the Undergraduate Medical Students of India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):109-113.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Bharath M Jaganath, Sahadev C Krishnegowda, Sandeep Rudranaik, Sajin Madanan, Nisha B Kurup, CG Manjula

Influence of Composite Insertion Techniques (Bulk-fill and Incremental Nanofilled Composites) on Adaptability to the Pulpal Floor and Interfacial Gap Formation

[Year:2017] [Month:July-September] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:3] [Pages:81] [Pages No:225-231][No of Hits : 549]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental composites are the most commonly used as well as preferred among all the conventional restorative materials as far as esthetics is concerned. One of the major drawbacks of composite resin is their polymerisation shrinkage and stresses. Hence, the requirement of adequate knowledge of the material aspects and trained operatory skills in composite insertion techniques are very much essential. The Aim of this study was to compare bulk fill composite (SDR) with an incremental nanofilled composite (3M ESPE Z350XT) for adaptability at pulpal floor and subsequent interfacial gap formation between increments.

Materials and methods: Twenty freshly extracted human maxillary premolars were selected for the study. Class 1 cavity was prepared to depth of 3 mm on each tooth. All samples were divided into 4 groups of 5 teeth each and restored with different restorative materials. Group I: SDR (Dentsply, DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) -3 mm, group II: Packable Nanohybrid composite Z350 XT (3M, Latin America) -3 consecutive increments of 1 mm each, group III: Nanohybrid flowable composite Z350 XT (1mm) + SDR (2 mm bulk fill), group IV: Nanohybrid flowable composite Z350 XT (1 mm) + Packable Nanohybrid composite Z350 XT 2mm (1 mm + 1 mm) incremental build up. Samples of each group were etched using 3M ESPE Scotch bond multi-purpose etchant for 20 seconds following which the specimens were washed with distilled water for 15-20 seconds and further blot dried for 20 seconds after which Adper Single Bond adhesive (3M ESPE, St.Paul, MN, USA) was applied. Restorations were done according to the respective groups and then light-cured (Bluephase C8 Ivoclar Vivadent, Amherst, New York) for 20 seconds. All Samples were subjected to a thermocycling regimen of 2500 thermal cycles by alternating immersion in water at +5 ± 8°C and +55 ± 8°C with a dwell time of 2 minutes and transfer time of 5 seconds in each bath and placed in Rhodamine B dye for 24 hours. After 24 hours samples were taken out and washed with distilled water, sectioned buccolingually with diamond disk. The samples were then subjected to Stereomicroscopic evaluation at 4× magnification for dyepenetration visualization and Scanning electron microscopic analysis for interfacial gap formation.

Statistical analysis: Statistical analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis Test and Mann-Whitney Test.

Results: Among all the groups tested, SDR demonstrated better adaptability to the pulpal floor and least interfacial gap formation compared to incremental nanofilled composite Z350 XT.

Conclusion: Bulk-fill composites performed better than incremental nanofilled composites, demonstrating better adaptability at the pulpal floor with least interfacial gap formation.

Keywords: Microleakage, Polymerisation shrinkage, Polymerisation stress, Smart dentin replacement.

How to cite this article: Jaganath BM, Krishnegowda SC, Rudranaik S, Madanan S, Kurup NB, Manjula CG. Influence of Composite Insertion Techniques (Bulk-fill and Incremental Nanofilled Composites) on Adaptability to the Pulpal Floor and Interfacial Gap Formation. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(3):225-231.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Amit Gupta, Bhanu Madan, Mansha Bakshi, Meenu Garg

Full Mouth Rehabilitation with Immediate Loading Basal Implants

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:159-161][No of Hits : 538]


ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation of partially and completely edentulous patients with implant supported prosthesis has become a widely accepted treatment option. The conventional Branemark system involves loading of the implants after 4 to 6 months of placement. It has many disadvantages as patient has no teeth or opt for removable temporary prosthesis and hence, many patients, at times, do not choose this option at all. Dental implants, when placed in the basal bone, can be immediately loaded with teeth; as this bone is very strong, never gets resorbed throughout life and forms the stress bearing part of our skeleton. Here, we present a case report of full mouth rehabilitation in which 19 single piece basal implants were inserted and functionally loaded with both maxillary and mandibular cement retained hybrid dentures.

Keywords: Basal implant, Immediate loading, Rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Gupta A, Madan B, Bakshi M, Garg M. Full Mouth Rehabilitation with Immediate Loading Basal Implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):159-161.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
PT Santhosh Babu, Bhavin Purohit, Pavan K Singh, Kavita Verma, Sonam Rungta, Dimple K Tirale, Kamini Dadsena

Knowledge and Attitude of Parents regarding Oral Health of their Children in Kerala, India: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:99-101][No of Hits : 526]


ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health is an integral part of general health among infants and children and impacts the quality of life and health outcomes. It is an integral component of preschool health and well-being. Parents are responsible for the oral health of their offspring and can play an important role in preventing oral diseases in children. As the oral health of children depends on the knowledge and awareness of their parents, these aspects are highly important. The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and attitude of parents regarding oral health of their children in Kerala.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Azeezia College of Dental Sciences and Research, Meeyanoor, Kollam District, Kerala, India. The questionnaires along with the informed consent sheet were sent to the parents by post. The participants were reminded about the return of the filled forms through short message service and e-mails. The questionnaires covered sociodemographic characteristics, oral hygiene, dietary practices, and significance of oral health knowledge and attitude.

Results: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 500 (both mothers and fathers) parents, and their answers were evaluated to analyze their attitude and knowledge toward their child’s oral health. Only about 11% of the parents knew the right age at which their child should be taken to the dentist. About 490 of the 500 (98%) parents agreed that the diet they give their child plays a role in their oral hygiene.

Conclusion: Parents’ knowledge about their kids’ oral health is important, and oral health education and promotion are the need of the hour for an oral-healthy future for the children.

Keywords: Attitude, Children, Knowledge, Oral health, Oral hygiene, Parents.

How to cite this article: Babu PTS, Purohit B, Singh PK, Verma K, Rungta S, Tirale DK, Dadsena K. Knowledge and Attitude of Parents regarding Oral Health of their Children in Kerala, India: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):99-101.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORTS
Anish Sebastian, Prasanth Panikar, Kasim Kota, Asika Sasi

Periapical Granuloma

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:35-37][No of Hits : 11713]


ABSTRACT

Periapical granuloma is a relatively common lesion or growth consisting of a proliferating mass of granulation tissue and bacteria that form in response to dead tissue in the pulp chamber of the tooth. The death of the pulp may be due to extensive decay, deep restorations, or trauma to the tooth. It is considered a reactive inflammatory process resulting from chronic irritation originating from the root canal system of the affected root. Periapical granuloma mainly consists of granulation tissue with alveolar bone loss and a large number of T lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages together with a small number of B lymphocytes and polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes.

Keywords: Dental caries, Dental granuloma, Periapical granuloma.

How to cite this article: Sebastian A, Panikar P, Kota K, Sasi A. Periapical Granuloma. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):35-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Anjali Kapoor, Lalita Singhal, Saloni Kapoor, Anirudh Kapoor

Ortho-perio Interrelationships: An Overview

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:3] [Pages:70] [Pages No:206-212][No of Hits : 2338]


ABSTRACT

Interaction between different specialties in dentistry are extremely important in establishing diagnosis and treatment planning. The interrelationship between orthodontics and periodontics often resembles symbiosis. In many cases, periodontal health is improved by orthodontic tooth movement, whereas orthodontic tooth movement is often facilitated by periodontal therapy. The orthodontic treatment is a double-action procedure, regarding the periodontal tissues. So it is of utmost importance to assess the need and outcome of interdisciplinary approach in different physiological, pathological or deliberate alterations in tooth positions to maintain harmonious periodontal and orthodontic relation.

Keywords: Cytokines, Mucogingival surgery, Osteoprotegerin, Periodontal ligament, Ridge augumentation.

How to cite this article: Kapoor A, Singhal L, Kapoor S, Kapoor A. Ortho-perio Interrelationships: An Overview. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(3):206-212.


 
CASE REPORTS
Sunil D Christopher, Satish M, Sheetal Kapse, Pooja Ramnani, Sanidhya Surana

Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:45-48][No of Hits : 2310]


ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth due to periodontitis or trauma leaves behind some degree of residual alveolar bone defect. The deficiency of bone is one of the most common problems encountered during placement of endosseous implants. In such situations, it is necessary to augment deficient ridge so as to provide an ideal bone for better prosthetic foundation. Among all possible options present for augmentation, the autogenous bone graft still remains the “gold standard.” The aim of this article is to present a case treated successfully using zygomaticomaxillary buttress (ZMB) as a graft to augment deficient alveolar ridge and discuss the applications with support of literature in a 26-year-old male patient with a history of loss of teeth due to trauma in the region of anterior maxilla treated by placing endosseous implants along with bone graft for prosthetic rehabilitation.

Keywords: Alveolar ridge augmentation, Intraoral bone graft, Zygomaticomaxillary buttress.

How to cite this article: Christopher SD, Satish M, Kapase S, Ramnani P, Surana S. Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):45-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
Deepa Shetty, Shreya Hegde, KS Sharath, Sheehan D’souza

Probiotics and Periodontal Health

[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:120-123][No of Hits : 2137]


ABSTRACT

Researchers have been keenly investigating the beneficial effects of probiotics on the human health since several decades focusing on the different types of mechanism, such as their ability to compete with pathogenic microorganisms for adhesion, to antagonize these pathogens, or to modulate the host’s immune response. This has led to a widespread use of probiotics in the management of systemic infections and disease. And lately, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics in the field of dentistry, particularly periodontics. This article reviews the recent data on the role of probiotics for the management of periodontal diseases.

Keywords: Periodontal disease, Periodontal health, Probiotic.

How to cite this article: Shetty D, Hegde S, Sharath KS, D’souza S. Probiotics and Periodontal Health. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):120-123.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
KM Shukoor, Fawas Shaj, NN Shabeer, Jayanth Jayarajan

Nickel Allergies in Orthodontic Treatment

[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:143-146][No of Hits : 1688]


ABSTRACT

Nickel (Ni) is a common component in many orthodontic materials. The dental practitioner should be mindful of this allergy during the course of orthodontic treatment, and know how to diagnose a Ni allergy if it appears and subsequent action in treatment and referral if it is suspected. This paper provides a summary of Ni allergy, its epidemiology, diagnosis, and recommendations, and alternatives to treatment. A detailed description of two cases where it was discovered in orthodontic patients is also reported.

Keywords: Allergies, Alloys, Nickel ions, Orthodontic material.

How to cite this article: Shukoor KM, Shaj F, Shabeer NN, Jayarajan J. Nickel Allergies in Orthodontic Treatment. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):143-146.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Sandhya P Naik, KS Nivedan, Brilvin Pinto, R Shobha, Akshaya S Dutt, N Rahul

Ethical Issues and Challenges in Dentistry

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:4] [Pages:73] [Pages No:285-287][No of Hits : 1675]


ABSTRACT

The field of dentistry is a science that has all the components of education, from preventive and therapeutic to cosmetic domains. Ethical dilemmas have situations with varied ethical considerations and complexities; hence, its concerns will be part of the science of dentistry. In modern dentistry, a set of principles contribute in establishing codes of ethics and they are based on ethical principles, religious beliefs, and the social and cultural considerations, which help in guiding the dental practitioners in their routine dental practice as well as establish expectations for dentists in fulfiling their ethical and professional duties to the patients, public, and the profession itself. The article gives an overview of the nature of ethical problems and how it is faced by the dentists.

Keywords: Autonomy, Dentistry, Ethics, Oral health.

How to cite this article: Naik SP, Nivedan KS, Pinto B, Shobha R, Dutt AS, Rahul N. Ethical Issues and Challenges in Dentistry. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(4):285-287.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
Sanchit Jain, Sheetal Kapse, Gagan Madan, Shruti Bhatnagar, Kuldeep Sangha, Purva Kochar

Minimally Invasive Surgical Technique in Periodontal Therapy

[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:134-138][No of Hits : 1623]


ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive therapeutic approaches have become the standard of care for many medical procedures. Conventional periodontal surgical therapies involve extensive tissue reflection resulting in morbidity like thermal sensitivity, food impaction, and compromised esthetics. The clinical innovation in periodontal flap design and handling has radically changed surgical approach, which has allowed a drastic reduction in wound failure when compared to conventional flap approach. Thus, it stands to reason out that a reduced access to surgical sites or minimally invasive surgical approach for periodontal therapy would result in less morbidity for the patient. This review summarizes the available minimally invasive surgical approaches for the management of periodontal disease.

Keywords: Mi