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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
IndexCopernicus Value: 73.32

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1.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Oral Health-related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India
Nandini Sen, Aritra Mandal, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Shibam Chatterjee, Vaibhav Vashishtha
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:43-49] [No of Hits : 1350]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0079 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health problems can be considered a public health setback due to its high prevalence and significant social impact. Hence, it is essential to combat oral diseases with preventive approach and focus on education and promotion.

Objective: To assess the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry of a dental hospital in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting the Department of Public Health Dentistry at Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. A total of 500 patients were selected by simple random sampling method. A self-constructed selfadministered questionnaire was used comprising questions regarding oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Among the study population, if dental decay is present, majority (44%) did not care if pain was absent. Merely 45.6% knew that tobacco causes oral cancer. A larger proportion of respondents (66%) did not know that oral health is related to systemic health. Majority (58.8%) used toothbrush and toothpaste and 52% had tongue cleaning habit. Rural population showed lesser frequency of toothbrushing in comparison to urban population, only 43.3% of them used toothbrush and toothpaste.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of the study subjects about oral health were found to be nonsatisfactory, but the oral health practices seemed to be acceptable. The rural population requires attention in all the aspects of oral health maintenance. Oral health promotion programs are required to improve the current status of the population.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene, Rural, Urban.

How to cite this article: Sen N, Mandal A, Bhat N, Asawa K, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Chatterjee S, Vashishtha V. Oral Healthrelated Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):43-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control
J Avinash, Arpita Singh, Dhirendra K Singh
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:122-132] [No of Hits : 1150]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0095 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The role of bacterial plaque in the etiology of periodontal disease has been extensively documented. The contribution of dental plaque to the etiology of gingival and periodontal desease is wellestablished. The increased plaque levels resulting due to inadequate plaque control, in turn, result in an evolution of a more pathogenic microflora. This transition in microflora composition induces a well-characterized host inflammation response of the marginal gingiva known as gingivitis, which is characterized by redness, gingival bleeding, edema, and gingival tenderness. It is now universally contended that prevention and inhibition of plaque accumulation on the tooth surfaces are likely to cause a major breakthrough to achieve optimum periodontal health.
Thus, regular removal of plaque both above and below the gingival margin should be of a major focus in the prevention and treatment of the disease. Regular removal of supragingival plaque has been shown to reduce counts of pathogenic species both supra and subgingivally. The primary intervention for removal of plaque and concomitant prevention of gingivitis for most people is a routine oral hygiene as delivered through toothbrushing. Although many toothbrushes, if used properly, can provide effective plaque control.
The electric toothbrush is both efficient and surprisingly appealing to patients. For these reasons, it has a definite use for some patients, such as individuals lacking fine motor skills, especially the handicapped and those who lack digital dexterity. Comparative studies are also available with regard to brushing techniques claiming significance of one over the other performed by both manual and powered toothbrush (PTB). The purpose of this review is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and efficacy of the PTB for the removal of supragingival plaque and improving gingival health and to compare it with a regular manual toothbrush with help of the meta analysis of various previous original researches.

Keywords: Gingivtis, Manual toothbrush, Oral hygiene, Plaque control, Powered toothbrush.

How to cite this article: Avinash J, Singh A, Singh DK, Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):122-132.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  MINI REVIEW
A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:136-141] [No of Hits : 1116]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0097 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Long-term success of a restoration is dependent on maintenance of harmony between the various components of stomatognathic system. The goal of any restorative treatment is to establish posterior occlusal contacts that stabilize the occlusion and to provide anterior guidance which will provide predictable amount of disocclusion during protrusive and lateral excursions. The clinician should have fundamental knowledge about the components of stomatognathic system, to restore the occlusion for the optimal functioning of stomatognathic system. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment planning should be carried out to decide whether the existing occlusion should be changed or not. If a reorganized approach is needed, it requires correction of the existing occlusion and the generation of a new occlusal scheme. This is quite challenging. It is not possible to propose a single protocol to treat every case. However, this article proposes certain guidelines which could be modified depending on existing occlusal condition of the patient.

Keywords: Fixed partial denture, Interferences, Occlusion, Rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):136-141.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients
Nikhil Abbad, Rajeev Srivastava, Akshay Dave, Vandana Jangid
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:59-63] [No of Hits : 869]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0082 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Enjoyment of food is regarded as an important aspect of living by mankind. To lead a healthy and active life, human beings need a broad range of nutrients. Nutritional deficiency, particularly of proteins, is very common in the elderly. A well-proportionate diet is essential from the beginning stages of life for complete growth, development, and maintenance of normal body functioning, physical activity, and health.
Dentistry for the elderly must be practiced with increased awareness of the biologic factors, since the adaptive mechanism and tissue regenerative potentials in the elderly patients are usually significantly lowered. Over 60% of the elderly are malnourished, and there are many causes for this malnutrition. Also, it is not always easy to differentiate the age-related causes from the pathological. Complete denture patients depend on the health and integrity of the denture-bearing tissue for their successful function and comfort. Hence, the elderly require a different approach, modified treatment planning, and knowledge of how the tissue changes associated with senescence affect oral health services. In this review article, a brief overview is presented about the diet and nutrition of geriatric patients, its importance, and clinical significance.

Keywords: Complete denture, Diet counselling, Edentulous, Geriatrics, Healthy.

How to cite this article: Abbad N, Srivastava R, Dave A, Jangid V. Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):59-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites
Mohammed Muraybid Al Azmi, Mohamed I Hashem, Mansour K Assery, Mohamed Sayed Al Sayed
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:37-42] [No of Hits : 820]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0078 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate and compare the mechanical properties of two bulk fill resin composite materials (Tetric EvoCeram and Filtek Bulk Fill) and two incremental fill resin composites (Grandio and Filtek Z350 XT). The surface roughness and surface topographic analyses of these materials were also evaluated and compared.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 specimens (n = 20) were prepared from two bulk fill nanocomposite restorative materials and two incremental fill nanocomposite restorative materials to evaluate the mechanical properties [hardness (H), elastic modulus (E), compressive strength (S), flexural strength (Of), and surface roughness]. The hardness and elastic modulus were measured using nanoindenter equipped with a Berkovich diamond indenter. Compressive strength and flexural strength of each material were determined using a universal testing machine. The surface roughness of the materials was determined using atomic force microscopy. One-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used to determine the statistical differences among groups at a significance of p < 0.05.

Results: The nanoindentation test showed that the Filtek Bulk Fill exhibited significantly high hardness values (0.67 ± 0.02 GPa) compared with other groups. The elastic modulus values ranged from 12.2 to 18.2 GPa, Tetric EvoCeram presented with lowest modulus values, and Filtek Bulk Fill presented with highest values. For compressive strength test results, the values varied from 186.20 MPa for Grandio to 245.13 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. For flexural strength test results, the values varied from 110.00 MPa for Grandio to 132.61 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. There was significant difference (p . 0.05) in measured flexural strength values among the bulk fill and incremental fill composite resin groups.

Conclusion: Each material showed excellent values for some tests, but none of the material showed excellent values of all the measured properties. Filtek Bulk Fill could be a feasible choice among the bulk fills.

Keywords: Bulkfill Composites, Nanoindentation, Surface Roughness.

How to cite this article: Al Azmi MM, Hashem MI, Assery MK, Al Sayed MS. An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):37-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique
Vivek Choukse, Ankita Parmar, Neeraj Sharma, Rajeev Srivastava
[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:319-323] [No of Hits : 777]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0135 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The present case report discusses the case of full mouth rehabilitation using Hobo twin-stage occlusal philosophy. Diagnostic maxillary and mandibular impressions were made and articulated using HANAU wide-Vue semiadjustable articulator. Diagnostic wax-up was done according to conditions 1 and 2 of Hobo’s twin-stage procedure followed by full mouth rehabilitation with porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) full-coverage fixed restorations at an acceptably restored vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO). The treatment goal was to achieve functional and esthetic harmony within the stomatognathic system.

Keywords: Disocclusion, Full mouth rehabilitation, Hobo technique, Twin stage.

How to cite this article: Choukse V, Parmar A, Sharma N, Srivastava R. Full Mouth Rehabilitation using Hobo Twin-stage Technique. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):319-323.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Single-file System
P Nagarjuna, Panna Mangat, Charu Dayal, Anil K Tomer, Priyali Chauhan, Sandeep Rana, Vinay Goud
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:19-22] [No of Hits : 662]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0074 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: In vitro study evaluation of the cyclic fatigue resistance of reciprocating and rotary single-file system [Wave One Gold (WOG), Reciproc, Hyflex electrical discharge machining (EDM) file systems] utilizing cyclic fatigue testing device.

Materials and methods: Three nickel-titanium rotary systems (Hyflex EDM size #25, 0.06 taper and Reciproc and WOG size #25, 0.06 taper) were used in this study. Ten files were used in each file system, which are 25 mm long and tested with cyclic fatigue and torsional resistance tests.

Results: Each file was tested in the simulated root canal until instrument fracture occurred. Hyflex EDM has high mean and standard deviation of 116.23 ± 4.41, followed by WOG (64.85 ± 3.34) and Reciproc (35.28 ± 2.32).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, Hyflex EDM exhibited the greater cyclic fatigue resistance when compared with other rotary and reciprocating files.

Keywords: Cyclic fatigue resistance, Nickel-titanium rotary systems, Wave One gold.

How to cite this article: Nagarjuna P, Mangat P, Dayal C, Tomer AK, Chauhan P, Rana S, Goud V. In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Singlefile System. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature
Syed Khaja Aliuddin, Prashanth Prakash, Sana Mohiuddin, Sandeep R Ravula, Leela VS Nallamilli, Anil D Dutt
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:56-58] [No of Hits : 649]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0081 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Endodontics is a well-known branch of dentistry. As we are growing into microscopic level and signaling stages, there is a need to look back on how this reputed branch of medicine came into existence. Here, only milestones in endodontics are discussed for the reader to enhance their knowledge by having a look at the historical background of endodontics and analyze the slow evolution in this field.

Keywords: Endodontics, History, Review of literature.

How to cite this article: Aliuddin SK, Prakash P, Mohiuddin S, Ravula SR, Nallamilli LVS, Dutt AD. Historical Milestones in Endodontics: Review of Literature. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):56-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review
Vaibhav Jain, Buggaveeti P Kumar, T Sai Krishna, Shrikant Parakh, P Hari Kiran, Aastha Tiwari
[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:95] [Pages No:300-303] [No of Hits : 615]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0130 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dictionary defines diagnosis as “the art of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.” A clinician may afford to be unware of change in the concept of a certain treatment technique, but cannot be weak clinically in the science of diagnosis. Recent advancements in the knowledge of the basic dental structures and wider intercommunication of clinical experiences make endodontic lesions and conditions nowadays better understood and diagnosed as compared with the past. However, conversely, increase in the knowledge of basic science has also highlighted the limitations of various diagnostic methods that are currently in use.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Cone beam computed tomography, Pulse oximetry, Ultrasound.

How to cite this article: Jain V, Kumar BP, Krishna TS, Parakh S, Kiran PH, Tiwari A. Recent Advances in Endodontic Diagnosis: A Review. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(4):300-303.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach
Manawar Ahmad, Yahya MY Khubrani, Abdullah M Adawi, Abubakr AM Siddiq, Mosab AJ Hamzi, Al Muthana Ali Alhazmi, Ahmed MA Ghazwani, Hina Naim
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:153-158] [No of Hits : 574]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0100 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Treatment of patients with severely mutilated dentition is a challenging task for a dentist and needs specialized skills with multidisciplinary approach for treating a complex clinical situation. Multiple carious lesions, tilting and rotation of several teeth, grossly decayed teeth and loss of multiple teeth in the maxillary, and mandibular arch may lead to the severely mutilated dentition. Dentist doing oral rehabilitation of a severely mutilated dentition must be through and efficient with the principles of reconstruction as an architect who prepares detailed plans and specification for any building prior to construction. Careful treatment planning using fixed or removable prosthesis is required to manage such cases to get a favorable prognosis. A multidisciplinary approach is required to restore the severely mutilated dentition to achieve the freedom from all the dental diseases, to maintain the healthy periodontium, to stabilize the temporomandibular joints, to achieve a stable occlusion with optimum esthetics, and comfortable oral function.

Keywords: Diagnostic wax-up, Fiber post, Metal ceramic crown.

How to cite this article: Ahmad M, Khubrani YMY, Adawi AM, Siddiq AAM, Hamzi MAJ, Alhazmi AMA, Ghazwani AMA, Naim H. Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):153-158.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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